Texas History, Genealogy, Old Photos, Postcards, Maps, and Information.
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Burleson County, Texas

Burleson County, Texas History, Genealogy, Old Photos, Postcards, Maps, and Information

Cities, Towns and Communities

Birch | Caldwell | Chriesman | Clay | Cooks Point | Davidson | Deanville | Frenstat | Fort Tenoxtitlán | Goodwill | Gus | Harmony | Hix | Hogg | Lyons | Merle | Rita | Scofield | Snook | Somerville | Tunis | Wilcox


History of Burleston County Written in 1858.  BURLESON COUNTY. This county lies north, and adjoining Washington County, and has been settled for many years ; the lands are fertile ; distance of county-seat from Galveston is 150 miles, and from Matagorda 150 miles. Though the crops of 1856 were short in this rich county, the farmers made a large amount of bacon, depending altogether on the oak mast ; farmers from other counties during the last fall drove many hogs here to fatten ; still there was an abundance of swine food for all. The lands of Burleson County are steadily advancing in value. Unimproved bottom lands are worth $10 per acre ; uplands are worth from two to three dollars per acre.

The "Old San Antonio road," which divides Robertson and Brazos counties, east of the Brazos River, passes centrally through Burleson County from east to west. This county is also largely interested in stock-raising, and it is said that there are now at least $50,000 worth of beeves ready for market.

Caldwell, the county-seat, is a pleasant, healthy, and flourishing village, situated on the San Antonio road, about eleven miles west of the Brazos ; it contains seven dry goods and other stores, and fortunately but one place where liquor is sold. There are good male and female schools, affording excellent opportunities of educating children. A Masonic Lodge, a Temple of Honor, and one of the most capacious and best built brick court-houses in the State ; also a Methodist and a Baptist church building. The population numbers about 300, who are moral in their habits, intelligent, and courteous to strangers. - Braman's information about Texas, 1858

History of Burleson County 1940.  The area of Burleson County is 684 square miles, and it lies generally some 400 feet above sea level. It contains large areas of Brazos "bottoms," however, which lie at a considerably lower level, and furnish a high proportion of the cotton and corn production of the county. The rainfall is heaviest in spring and lowest in July and August, averaging about 35 inches annually. After the frontier was pushed back by the settlement of the territory to the north, Burleson County was rapidly developed. Between 1850 and 1855 the number of negroes and the number State Highway 21 and 36 cross the county, centering at Caldwell, and are partially paved.

A historical marker in the northeast part of the county points to the site of Fort Tenoxtitlan, 2,000 feet to the south. "Established by the Mexican government in July, 1830, to stem the Anglo‑American settlement. Named in honor of the Aztec capital, now Mexico City. Abandoned by Mexican troops in 1832. In the town which grew up after 1834 many prominent Texans lived. The place passed from the map after 1860.  Continue reading the History of Burleson County Written in 1940 >>

Burleson County Courthouses

County Histories

History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.

Astride the Old San Antonio Road: A History of Burleson County, Texas, 1980, by the Burleson County Historical Commission


Caldwell, TX 30° 31' 52.734" N, 96° 41' 34.908" W